Historic Republic, Washington

Republic, Washington is a city with an early 1900s look and a heritage based in the mining and logging industries. Founded by gold prospectors, and originally named Eureka Gulch, Republic had a population of 1,073 in 2010. Noted for its fossils, natural beauty and recreational possibilities, it is nestled in a valley between Wauconda and Sherman Passes at the intersection of Washington State Routes 20 and 21 in the north central part of the state.

Eureka-Wa-July-30th-1897

Republic (when it was called “Eureka”), circa 1897. Photo courtesy Ferry County Historical Society.

The history of the city and surrounding area can be explored and enjoyed at the Ferry County Historical Center. The center features a collection of historical photos and exhibits that depict the area history and also the Kaufman Cabin – the oldest surviving structure in Republic. Murals at various places around town and historic buildings with historical signs make a walking tour of the city a history lesson in itself.

From the Ferry County Historical Society’s website: “The History of Ferry County’s 110 + years of mining history is based upon its unique geological history and sustained by three major intervals of development. The first was the opening of the Colville Indian Reservation for mining exploration in 1896. Overnight, the mountain and valley rivers and streams rang with the sound of shovels and axes, the braying of pack animals and the feverish invasion of eager men struggling to withdraw hidden wealth from water, rocks and dirt. Gold fever brought in an accompanying wave of entrepreneurs and professional men who saw an opportunity to provide the services needed to build a mining community.”

The early Republic Railroad. Photo courtesy Ferry County Historical Society.

The early Republic Railroad. Photo courtesy Ferry County Historical Society.

George Socking's Business, about 1896. Photo courtesy Ferry County Historical Society.

George Socking’s Business, about 1896. Photo courtesy Ferry County Historical Society.

Tour the Historic Kaufman Cabin in Republic. Photo courtesy of the Ferry County Historical Society.

Tour the Historic Kaufman Cabin in Republic. Photo courtesy of the Ferry County Historical Society.